A wrist consists of little bones one of which is called as scaphoid. When the break occurs in either of these little bones present in the wrists this condition is known as scaphoid fracture.
A wrist consists of eight little bones, which are located between the bones of the forearm known as ulna and radius and the bones present in the hand. The scaphoid is a bone, which lies in the gap between the radius and the thumb base.
Stress or compression could be placed on the scaphoid bone while performing certain activities like falling down on an outstretched hand. If the force is traumatic and beyond the tolerance power of the bone then this may result in breaking of the scaphoid bone resulting in scaphoid fracture.
Surgical Treatment of Scaphoid Fracture
In cases where the bone is broken at the scaphoid waist or proximal pole surgery is recommended. Metal implants such as wires and screws are used to fix and hold the scaphoid in place until complete union of the fracture occurs.
A bone graft may be used if some cases where the bone is broken into two or more fragments to aid in proper healing. A bone graft is nothing but a new bone placed at the side of the fracture to stimulate healing. Bone graft increases the production of the bone and this in turn helps in speeding up the healing process of the broken bones into a solid bone.
Tests to Diagnose Scaphoid Fracture:
A complete subjective physical examination is really important to aid with a scaphoid fracture diagnosis.
Other tests may include:
- X-ray of the wrist.
- CT scan in rare cases.
- MRI in rare cases, generally if surgical treatment is required.